To protect yourself while caring for someone’s with COVID-19, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends some safety measure:
1. Keep your hands clean and away from your face
Frequently wash your hands with alcohol based soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after being in close contact or in the same room as the sick person. If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Always avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
2. Always wear face mask
If you need to be in the same room with the person, who is ill and he or she need to wear a face mask, and you also wear a face mask. Stay at least 6 feet (2 meters) away from the ill person. Don’t touch or handle your mask while you using it. If your mask gets wet or dirty, replace with new or clean, dry mask. Throw away the used mask and wash your hands properly.
3. Clean your home frequently
Every day, use household cleaning sprays or wipes to clean surfaces that are often touched, including counters, tabletops and doorknobs. Avoid cleaning the sick person’s separate room and washroom. Set aside bedding and utensils for the sick person only to use.
4. Be careful with laundry
Don’t shake dirty laundry. Use regular detergent to wash the sick person’s laundry. Use the warmest setting you can. Wash your hands after putting clothes in to the dryer. Thoroughly dry clothes. If you are handling clothing that has been soiled by the sick person, wear disposable gloves and keep the items away from your body. Wash your hands after removing gloves. Place dirty gloves and masks in a waste bin with a lid in the sick person’s room. Clean and disinfect clothes hampers and wash your hands afterward.
5. Be careful with dishes
Wear gloves when you handling dishes, cups or utensils used by the sick person. Wash the items with soap and hot water or in the dishwasher. Clean your hands after taking off the gloves or handling used items.
6. Avoid direct contact with the sick person’s bodily fluids
Wear disposable gloves and a face mask when providing oral and respiratory care and when handling stool, urine or other waste. Wash your hands before and after removing your gloves and mask. Don’t reuse your mask or gloves.
7. Avoid having unnecessary visitors in your home
Don’t allow any visitors until the sick person has completely recovered and has no signs or symptoms of COVID-19.